WEDNESDAY EDITION: Thursday at HRO for 3928 lunch bunch, Joe -
K1JEK guest speaker will be discussing strategies for earning the
coveted yet elusive membership number for the "3919 Friendly Bunch",
the fasting growing nightly bullshit show on the ham radio
bands....I think I will avoid stopping
in South Carolina this year on the way to Florida...Niagara
Falls is frozen....CBS blunts effort to
buy medical marijuana ad for Super Bowl, company says....I
asked my Amazon Echo who would win the Super Bowl yesterday and
Alexa responded that Brady will have another ring....Amazing what
$5 will buy in Jacksonville, FL.....Everything you needed to
winter wildlife survival.....
Reactivating Equipment Authorization System but still can't enforce
ham band behavior...
The FCC says it will reactivate its Equipment Authorization
which had been unavailable since the FCC ran out of funds on
January 3 because of the partial government shutdown that began
a month ago. RF devices, including most Amateur Radio equipment,
must be properly authorized before being marketed
or imported into the US. The FCC Office of Engineering and
Technology (OET) administers the equipment authorization
“After reviewing our statutory authority, the status
of contract obligations, and our lapse in funding plan, we will
be reactivating this system today,” the FCC said in a January 18
public notice. “Most radio transmitters are required to be
certificated to ensure compliance with the Commission’s
Certification applications are reviewed and granted by
private-sector Telecommunications Certification Bodies (TCBs),
which must enter the application and grant of equipment
certification into the EAS before the grant becomes effective.
“The reactivation of the EAS will enable the TCBs to grant
equipment certifications, thereby allowing that equipment to be
imported and marketed in the United States,” the FCC said.
“While the EAS will be available to the public, no support will
be provided by Commission staff.”
There are some exceptions. TCBs are required to consult with
FCC staff before granting certification for certain products
under a procedure called Pre-Approval Guidance (PAG). “This
procedure generally involves products where the required tests
are complex or break new ground,” the FCC said. “TCBs will
continue to be unable to grant equipment certification for
products subject to the pre-approval guidance procedure until
the FCC resumes normal operations and staff is available for
PDX Bulletin Mailing List is Victim of
Hamnet.org Server Hack
The Ohio/Penn DX (OPDX) Bulletin
mailing list is reported
to be “in limbo” after a January 11 hack of the Hamnet.org
server. OPDX Bulletin
Editor Tedd Mirgliotta, KB8NW,
reports that the server, which he’d used since the late 1980s,
was “hacked and wiped” on January 11. The OPDX Bulletin
mailing list was among the casualties. “The OPDX mailing list is
now in limbo, and I was told that the server Hamnet.org is
probably is gone for good,” Mirgliotta
in the bulletin’s January 14 edition. He said the OPDX
, including an archive of back issues, remains
available on the
“I know this is going to be a big disappointment for the
subscribers, as well as it has been for me, but after almost 29
years, I am considering possibly retir[ing] from writing the
bulletin,” Mirgliotta said.
Mirgliotta said the OPDX Bulletin would not be
delivered by email for the time being.
Mirgliotta via his new email address.
Meteoroid hits the Moon during lunar
On Jan. 21st, a meteoroid slammed into the Moon. We know this
because many amateur astronomers witnessed the explosion.
The fireball was visible against the shadowy backdrop of a
total lunar eclipse.
Visit today's edition of
Spaceweather.com for images, video, and the full story.
Ham radio in the Golden Globe Race
A sailing news article suggests
some sailors in the
Golden Globe Race have been operating in the amateur radio bands
using made-up callsigns
For some reason the article references an entirely unrelated
instance that occurred in 2015 when the UK regulator Ofcom
revoked a small test batch of just over 500 licences where the
holder had not been in contact with Ofcom either directly or by
logging on to the website for over 8 years. As a result Ofcom
discovered just how much the lengthy revocation procedure cost.
They have not repeated the exercise
ead the article at
Golden Globe Race 2018-19
Ali active from Mogadishu
Ali, EP3CQ, who works for United Nations in African Union Mission
to Somalia (AMISOM), in Mogadishu, will once again be active as
6O1OO between January 21st and February 6th.
Activity will be limited to his spare time on 40/30/20/17/15/10
meters using SSB and FT8. He suggested last time everyday between
1800-2000 East Africa Time (EAT) and on the weekend (Friday and
Saturday) between 1400-1800.
Equipment is a Yaesu 857D into ATAS 120A, Tarheel Little II
(currently active), and Sandpiper MV-10.
QSL direct to: Ali Solhjoo, Via Siacci 12, Rome, 00197, Italy.
QSL cards will be replied on quarterly basis. IRC not accepted.
Flash news will be posted via Twitter: @ep3cq
TUESDAY EDITION: 8 degrees here on Cape Ann, warming up to
29 today, a heat wave.....Why the hell are we still launching space
cubes in orbit, I have never heard one or knew of anyone even
listening for them...Looks like Koe-K1JEK and gang will be meeting
this Thursday at the Salem, NH HRO store followed by lunch at the
Chinese restaurant next door. Joe will be discussing the effects of
UV radiation on his Cobra Antenna products and how you can minimize
feedline loss and improve dx performance.....Randy
Hall K7AGE is one of the many radio amateurs attending this
Quartzfest in Arizona, January 20-26 ...Video on
ham elmering.....What the hell is in the
drinking water in Florida?....
Cloning knobs for vintage test equipment
Knobs! Shiny candy-colored knobs! The last stand of skeuomorphism
is smart light switches! Everyone loves knobs, but when you’re
dealing with vintage equipment with a missing knob, the odds of
replacing it are slim to none.
That’s what happened to [Wesley Treat] when he picked up a
vintage Philco tube tester. The tester looked great, but a single
knob for a rotary switch was missing. What to do? Clone some knobs!
You only need some resin and a little bit of silicone.
The process of copying little bits of plastic or bakelite is
fairly standard and well-tread territory. Go to Michaels or Hobby
Lobby, grab some silicone and resin, make a box, put your parts
down, cover them in silicone, remove the parts, then put resin in.
For simple parts, and parts with flat bottoms like knobs, this
works great. However, there’s something weird about the knob on this
old Philco tube tester. Firstly, it doesn’t fit a standard 1/4 inch
shaft — it’s a bit bigger. There’s also no set screw. Instead, this
knob has a stamped spring aligning it with the flat part of the
D-shaft in this rotary switch. This means a copy of this knob
wouldn’t be useful to anyone else, and that no other knob would work
with this tube tester.
However, a bit of clever engineering would make a copy of this
knob fit the existing switch. Once the resin was cured, [Wesley]
drilled out the hole, then sanded a dowel down to fit into the flat
of the D-shaft. It took a little kergiggering, but the knob
eventually fit onto one of the rotary switches. Not bad for a few
bucks in silicone and resin.
You can check out the entire build process below.
China to Launch Two Amateur Radio
Satellites in April...more space junk..
Two new Chinese satellites with Amateur Radio payloads are
planned for an April 5 launch, CAMSAT has reported.
will carry H/T (21/29 MHz) and H/U (21/435 MHz) mode linear
transponders, V/U linear and V/U FM transponders, a UHF CW
telemetry beacon, UHF AX.25 4.8k/9.6k baud GMSK telemetry, and
3-centimeter AX.25 1 Mbps GMSK image data transmission for an
CAS-7B is described as a 500-millimeter sphere spacecraft
weighing 3 kilograms. It will carry a V/U transponder and a UHF
CW telemetry beacon. — Thanks to AMSAT News Service
Reports of Knacksat CubeSat Reception
1U CubeSat launched on December 3 by a SpaceX vehicle may be in
safe mode. The Knacksat project team at King Mongkut’s
University of Technology-North Bangkok, Thailand, has speculated
that launch delays may have led to battery depletion, preventing
normal antenna deployment. Safe mode will let the spacecraft
recharge its battery and receive commands from the ground.
Knacksat team is seeking CW beacon reception reports on 435.635
MHz, and at least a couple have been posted, but the very weak
signal prevented the decoding of telemetry. Anyone who copies
the satellite is asked to
an online report. The Knacksat project said reliable reception
would require an antenna with Earth-Moon-Earth capability.
“The need is also for a station so equipped to try to send an
MP3 sound file to change the uplink VHF frequency,” the team
said. “This will wake up the satellite from safe mode.”
Thanks to AMSAT News Service via Satellite Project
Manager Tanan Rangseeprom, HS1JAN
AMPHF - Ameritron
AL-572 *AS NEW* .....an honest seller if you are
looking for a mint amp...
Amplifier is AS NEW,
was never exposed to smoke and was purchased by me in 2018 from
HRO in Salem, NH. I paid $1895. This amp has been used sparingly
on 75 meters but has been tested on all bands and is 100% is all
respects...FULL OUTPUT. If you are seeking a close to legal
limit HF amp, don't buy NEW … buy mine for $1550 SHIPPED and
INSURED CONUS. Will be shipped in dual Ameritron shipping boxes
with the manual and all else that came with it new. You will not
be disappointed with this amplifier. Bank Check, Postal Money
Order or Personal Check all okayfor payment Amplifier will be
shipped FedEx Ground within 24 hrs. of funds clearing my bank.
Thanks for reading!
Listing #1419349 by
Last Edited on
Submitted on 01/10/19
Here to Email
STUPID COLD MONDAY EDITION: Exciting playoff games
yesterday, nail biters again..Brady threw for 348 yards here Sunday,
quarterbacking six scores with a patchwork offense that many left
for dead at multiple times this season (after a listless loss in
Detroit, after a bad effort in Pittsburgh, after a failed drug
sample by Josh Gordon). The Patriots dominated the stat sheet – 524
yards to 290, 36 first downs to 18, 43 minutes, 59 seconds time of
possession to 20:53, 94 plays to 47........Voice
Of America Museum Sets 75th Anniversary Events ...
ICQ Podcast - Icom IC-9700 - First
In this episode, Martin M1MRB is joined by Chris Howard
M0TCH, Martin Rothwell M0SGL, Dan Romanchik KB6NU, Ed Durrant
DD5LP and Frank Howell K4FMH to discuss the latest Amateur / Ham
Radio news. Colin M6BOY rounds up the news in brief and this
episode’s feature is our first impression of the ICOM IC-9700.
ICQ AMATEUR/HAM RADIO PODCAST DONORS
We would like to thank Charles Benet (AI6TT) along with our
monthly and annual subscription donors for keeping the podcast
advert free. To donate, please visit -
News stories include:-
• Record Year for Online Amateur Radio Training Course
• D-STAR ONE Launched, Telemetry Received
• VHF/UHF Workshop Aims To Boost Activity Above 30 MHz
• New Amateur / Ham Radio General Class Question Pool Released
• Amateur Radio eBooks Available for Download
• Court Ruling - Excessive Antenna Application Fees Violated
• Amateur Radio Exam Success in Holland
• French Amateur Radio "Tax" Removed
• New Amateur Radio Technical Requirements in Bulgaria
The ICQPODCAST can be downloaded from
Run Android Peanut App on a Windows
Peanut is an Android voip application that
allows hams talk on analogue and over the air gateways to Dstar DMR
Fusion Wiresx etc using a cellphone or other Android device
When using it in analogue Peanut to Peanut the audio quality is
excellent so it is ideal for older amateurs who are having trouble
with hearing loss.
You can also run it on a Windows pc using an Android emulator
See the minimum requirements here
Peanut is busy with ham chats and is ideal for hams who like to
have a long conversation and not 10 second qsos.
You are 59 73's best of luck in the contest qsl via the bureau etc.
Also those who cant put up 20 x 200 foot towers
It's for hams only and you need to get a code from pa7lim to get
GRCon18: Open Source Radio Telescopes
Al Williams WD5GNR writes on Hackaday about the
presentation given by John Makous at the 2018 GNU
Who doesn’t like to look up at the night sky? But if you are into
radio, there’s a whole different way to look using radio telescopes.
John Makous spoke at the GNU Radio Conference about how he’s
worked to make a radio telescope that is practical for even younger
students to build and operate.
Watch the video and read the Hackaday post at
WEEKEND EDITION: Well, let it snow. I have done everything I
can to prepare, so lets get it on......
Registration is Open for QRP-ARCI “Four
Days in May” 2019
is open for the QRP Amateur
Radio Club International (QRPARCI) “Four Days in May” (FDIM),
Thursday – Sunday, May 16 – 19, at the Holiday Inn, Fairborn,
Ohio. The annual FDIM event for QRP enthusiasts and builders
takes place in conjunction with Hamvention®.
begins the evening of Wednesday, May 15. Most of Thursday will
be taken up with seminars, “meet the speakers” opportunities,
and an open room for casual show and tell.
Most of Friday and Saturday are open to attend the Hamvention
and visit the QRP-ARCI Toy Store. Friday evening activities
typically include “show and tell,” vendor displays, and a
Saturday evening features social activities and a banquet,
while Sunday is open for Hamvention. Attendees are invited to
display their QRP-related projects at FDIM. One evening will
feature vendors offering QRP-related products, with some
offering FDIM discounts. Dress is casual for all events.
Reservations and group room rates for FDIM will be available
after January 1 through the
QRP-ARCI website. For more information,
FDIM 2019 Chair Norm Schklar, WA4ZXV.
Amateur Radio Newsline
Report....rehash of last weeks news...
U.S. MOURNS DEATH OF NAVAJO CODE TALKER
NEIL/ANCHOR: We begin this week with news of the death of a
courageous war veteran who was among those to use their talents to
thwart the enemy through code during World War II. Alfred K. Newman
was one of the hundreds of Navajos who served in the United States
Marines Corps, baffling the Japanese by using a code based on the
Navajo language. He died on January 13th in a Bloomfield, New
Mexico, nursing home at 94. In the Marines, he had served on Guam,
Iwo Jima, New Caledonia and elsewhere during his time with the 1st
Battalion, 21st Marine Regiment and 3rd Marine Division. He is
remembered among the hundreds of Navajos who rushed to enlist in the
U.S. military following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. By some
estimates, there are now fewer than 10 surviving Code Talkers. Thank
you for your service, Private First Class Newman.
HAMS DONATE TO HELP SAVE LIBRARY MEETING PLACE
NEIL/ANCHOR: Ham radio's do-it-yourself spirit and scientific spirit
are accompanied by a giving spirit. It's just that spirit that moved
one club in northern New York State to be providing - instead of
asking - for a donation. Here's the story from Heather Embee KB3TZD.
HEATHER: The James Prendergast Library in Jamestown New York owes
its very existence to a 19th century gift from Alexander and Mary
Prendergast in memory of their son who was 31 at the time of his
death in 1879. It was considered a treasured gift by the family to
the city Alexander Prendergast founded. The library opened in 1891,
replete with an art gallery, in a building that has long since
become a local landmark. With the library's very existence now
imperiled by a struggling city budget, it finds itself instead as
the recipient of gifts -- and the Chautauqua (CHA-TOCK-WA) Amateur
Radio Service recently became one of its benefactors. The club holds
its monthly meetings at the library so it was only natural for the
members to make a donation. Earlier this month the club presented
library director Tina Scott with a check for $400 as a show of
support for the library's hoped-for continued presence in the city.
HORROR FILMS AND HTs, THEY GO TOGETHER
NEIL/ANCHOR: You may recognize some of the familiar faces making
their way on screen in an upcoming horror film this year. They're
not actors: They're rigs. Skeeter Nash N5ASH explains.
SKEETER: Amateur radio may not necessarily get top billing in every
movie by Peter Vekinis (Vuh-KINNIS) but it certainly finds its way
into the supporting cast. Peter, whose call signs are KH6VP and
LX1QF, is executive producer of the psychological horror film "Infernum"
which will be released sometime this year. Hams in the audience will
be pleased to see scenes featuring the Icom D5100 mobile radio and
the Icom D51 HT, especially as the heroine, a young sculptor named
Camille, makes use of radio to call for help. Peter said Icom
donated the rigs -- but they're not the only amateur links in the
thriller. Sculptures used in the film are the creations of Bobbie
Habermann NH6RH, who also has a small on-screen role. Peter told
Newsline that his previous movie, "The Dark Hand," is even more
infused with amateur elements. In this dark thriller, HTs and HF
radios figure prominently as a brother searching for his long-lost
sibling discovers a conspiracy of people involved in depleting the
earth of its oxygen. They use - what else? - amateur radio to
communicate. Peter's amateur radio creations, by the way, include
his two children: Naomi Malik, his daughter, who lives in the UK and
holds the call signs VE3NEN and LX3NEN. His son Justin, who is in
Tokyo, holds the call signs VE3VEK and LX3VEK.
"Infernum," which was shot in Nevada, is due for release sometime
A WEEKEND OF IONOSPHERIC INQUIRY
NEIL/ANCHOR: Scientists and observers of space weather are gearing
up for a gathering in Ohio in March that promises to be a weekend of
ionospheric inquiry, as we hear from Jack Parker W8ISH.
JACK: Two months before the big Hamvention gathering in Dayton,
Ohio, a different assembly of amateurs is taking place in Ohio --
this time in Cleveland. It's called the HamSCI 2019 Workshop Set and
it's giving space weather and the ionosphere center stage. The
program will take place on the 22nd and 23rd of March on the campus
of Case Western Reserve University. HAMSCI's founder Nathaniel
Frissell (Frizz-ZELL) W2NAF and the university's amateur radio club
W8EDU are asking for presenters to submit papers for the conference,
which will explore such subjects as traveling ionospheric
disturbances, sporadic E, geomagnetic storms and the use of ham
radio techniques to study many of these phenomena. Presentations are
already scheduled by ham radio author Ward Silver N0AX and
propagation specialist Carl Leutzelschwab (Loot-zull-schwab) K9LA.
Amateurs who would like to join the lineup of those giving talks
should send their abstracts no later than February 1st to hamsci at
hamsci dot org (email@example.com)
SOMETHING SPECIAL ON MENU FOR SUMMITS ON THE AIR
NEIL/ANCHOR: Hams with an appetite for climbing and activating
summits will get to sit down and indulge their appetites for a
hearty meal. Plans are already underway for this global gathering,
as Jeremy Boot G4NJH tells us.
JEREMY: It may seem a long time until June, but when organising an
annual event where attendees often come from the other side of the
world, early planning is important.
The official date for the fifth annual Summits on the Air dinner has
now been set for Friday the 21st June - the first day of the HAM
RADIO Friedrichshafen Hamfest in Southern Germany. As this is the
fifth year of the event, the organiser, AR Newsline's own Ed Durrant
DD5LP, has set a challenge to the expected 20 or more attending:
they should present something related to the number 5. Their 5 best
summits perhaps or their 5 most important pieces of SOTA equipment.
In any case if the last five years are anything to go by it will be
an enjoyable evening out at the country restaurant, only 10 minutes
away from a SOTA summit - of course!
IT'S ACADEMIC: COLLEGIATE CONTEST EXPANDS TO COVER RTTY
NEIL/ANCHOR: College hams, have you done your homework? Well if you
expect to score big in the North American Collegiate Championship it
might just help. The Society of Midwest Contesters has announced
that the SSB championship, which takes place this month, has
expanded to cover the RTTY competition next month. The previous
championship only included the SSB event. The SSB event runs from
1800 UTC on January 19 to 0600 UTC on January 20. The RTTY portion
runs 1800 UTC on February 23 to 0600 UTC on February 24.
The collegiate championship is sponsored by the National Contest
Journal. Competitors are collegiate stations anywhere in North
America with on-campus shacks and a maximum power of 100 watts --
and it's certainly more fun than midterm exams or a term paper. The
Society of Midwest Contestors said in its announcement that stations
need to register before receiving instructions on how to set
themselves up with logging software and other things needed for the
Awards will be given for National Champion, Runner-up and State
Champion. For some students with big ambitions, this might just be
AIDING A FAMILY IN AFTERMATH OF POST-HURRICANE ACCIDENT
NEIL/ANCHOR: A well-known ham radio family in Florida is reaching
out to the amateur radio community for help. Don Wilbanks AE5DW has
DON: If you have ever received a QSL card from Faith Hannah AE4FH,
Grace KM4TXT, Hope KM4IPF or Zechariah WX4TVJ, odds are you know -
or know *of* - the Lea family of Florida. The four youngsters are
the children of Michelle N8ZQZ and freelance cinematographer and
James Lea WX4TV. This amateur radio family of six has shared a lot -
including recent high-profile special operations as WK1DS and N4T -
but what they face together now is a frightening challenge to
survive and avoid eviction from their home. James was injured last
year while assisting with volunteer emergency communications in
Florida after Hurricane Michael and his condition left him unable to
work. You may know the Lea family personally or perhaps you are
acquainted with them through social media and their YouTube channel,
Ham Radio dot World (hamradio.world). James said his recovery from
rotator cuff surgery could take as long as a year and he is the
family's sole supporter. Meanwhile, the bills are adding up. He
wrote on the family's GofundMe page [quote] "In the short term we
need help getting caught up with our rent and other bills such as
electricity, water and insurance as well as building a financial
cushion. In the medium term we may need some ongoing help as we
figure out how to provide for ourselves in new and creative ways."
James has asked the amateur radio community to share his family's
needs by word of mouth, social media and on Facebook. He writes:
"Most importantly, we need your prayers."
FROM CANADA TO SPACE VIA ARISS CONTACT
NEIL/ANCHOR: Listen up! Another amateur radio space station contact
is about to happen - this time with Canada. Robert Broomhead VK3DN
has the details.
ROBERT: This week, Tony Hutchison VK5ZAI will be doing a Telebridge
linkup between the International Space Station and Ashbury College
in Ottawa, Canada. This will take place on Wednesday the 23rd of
January 2019 at 19:47 UTC. The down link can be heard over the
southern part of Australia on 145.800 MHz. You are all invited to
CANADIAN AMATEUR RECEIVES TOP RECOGNITION
NEIL/ANCHOR: What does it take to be the RAC Amateur of the Year in
Canada? Geri Goodrich KF5KRN tells us about the latest winner.
GERI: The board of directors of Radio Amateurs of Canada has chosen
Gabor Horvath VE7JH as the RAC Amateur of the Year. The president of
the RAC, Glenn MacDonell VE3XRA noted in The Canadian Amateur
magazine that Gabor's many contributions to ham radio include his
volunteer initiative in helping with the RAC Canada 150 Award
marking the nation's sesquicentennial in 2017. That nationwide event
resulted in an estimated 60,000 QSOs. Gabor's skills as an amateur
have also received previous recognition: in 2017 he was the only
Canadian competing in the 14th IARU High Speed Telegraphy World
Championship and he was also a competitor last year at the World
Radiosport Team Championship, where he was only 1 of four Canadians.
According to his bio on QRZ.com, he has been a ham since his
childhood in Hungary, where his first call sign was HA2KMR.
Gabor's inclusion on the list of those named RAC Amateur of the Year
makes him one of only 6 hams in Canada to have been given this award
WORLD OF DX
In this week's world of DX, listen for Willy, KB8YRX operating as
8P9CA from Barbados until the 4th of February. Find him on 20 meters
operating FT8. QSL via LoTW or via his home call.
Be listening for Saty, JE1JKL using the call sign 9M6NA in East
Malaysia from the 24th of January through to the 28th, mostly on 160
metres. Saty will also participate in the CQ WW CW 160-Meter
Contest. QSL via LoTW and Club Log's OQRS.
Harald, DF2WO is on the air as 9X2AW from Rwanda until the 14th of
February operating on 160 to 30 meters including 60 meters. He will
be using FT8 and CW. QSL via M0OXO's OQRS.
Mat, DL4MM will be active again as P4/DL4MM from Aruba from the 22nd
of January through the 30th, operating CW, SSB and FT8. He will
concentrate on the low bands, giving special focus on contacts with
Europe and Asia. He will participate in the CQ WW 160-Meter CW
Contest as P40AA. Send QSLs via Club Log's OQRS or via DL4MM - and
in six months, by LoTW.
We also want to share an update from Ancletus Ernest J69Z, whose
special event station J69Z/K3LP paid tribute over the course of
seven days to his friend Silent Key David Collingham K3LP. Ancletus
told Newsline that he was pleased to work 464 stations during the
activation, starting with his first contact Gene Benoit (buh-NOYT)
W2PBY. He said he has QSL cards designed and will send them once he
has sufficient money to get them printed and has been hoping for a
KICKER: IS IT A FAMILY REUNION - OR A HAMFEST?
NEIL/ANCHOR: Finally, we all know amateur radio can run in the
family. But for this one family in India, amateur radio seems to run
and run and run and - well, you get the idea. John Williams VK4JJW
has their story.
JOHN: When does a family get-together start to seem more like a
hamfest than a gathering of relatives? If you're related to S. Suri
VU2MY and D. Bharati VU2RBI, as either a cousin, a sibling or a son
or daughter, you probably know the answer: That family is YOUR
family. According to Lakshmi Narayan VU3WDJ, secretary of the Indian
Railway Amateur Radio League, this generously sized entourage has no
fewer than 43 licensed amateurs among its ranks. That's right: This
is one family tree that has all kinds of antennas strung up in the
branches. S. Suri is the founder, chairman and CEO of the National
Institute of Amateur Radio in India and D. Bharati is a DXer,
DXpeditioner and founding member of the National Institute. Lakshmi
told Newsline that he met up with this gathering of familial radio
operators quite unexpectedly at a recent ham gathering in India and
after doing a little research arrived at the conclusion that they
may constitute the largest ham family in India. He now hopes to get
them included in the Guinness Book of World Records - and said that
when he told the family he was hoping to achieve that, they were
overjoyed. Perhaps this may one day lead to a new award to add to
Worked All Counties, Worked All States and Worked All Continents.
Think of it as "Worked All Family Members."
Snow, sleet, and ice
predicted...generator ready, plow on, snow blower pointing in the
right direction, shovel waxed: let it rip Saturday night into
Sunday... Big game on Sunday, the Patriots are
going to have to play perfect football to win with a clever coaching
plan, lets see what coach comes up with....
Earth's shifting magnetic
poles are affecting your phone
Earth's magnetic field is changing so quickly that
researchers have been forced to update to the World Magnetic
Model ahead of schedule.
Developed by NOAA and the British Geological Survey, the
model is widely used for precision navigation of devices ranging
from nuclear submarines to the common smartphone. Your own phone
may be affected.
Find out how on today's edition of
Foundations of Amateur Radio #189
The reported death of Amateur Radio due to FT8 is an
In 2017 a new digital amateur mode called FT8
joined the ranks of inventions related to our hobby. Since then it's
taken the amateur world by storm, filled the bands with contacts and
attracted a strong following among radio amateurs across the planet.
Making contacts with low solar cycle numbers has never been so easy.
Together with that following comes a growing chorus of those who
decry this addition, the filling of our air with useless noise and
it's too easy, not real radio, there's no conversation, who cares
about contacts, I want to rag-chew, anyone can do this and it's not
right. Clearly some think of FT8 as the end of amateur radio as we
Recently I came across a list of other technologies that made
amateur radio too easy and would cause the end of our hobby.
Amplitude Modulation or AM, Semi-automatic CW Keys or Bugs, Vacuum
Tubes, Single Sideband or SSB, Radio Teletype or RTTY, Repeaters,
Electronic CW Keyers, Transistors, Electronic digital programmable
computers, Antenna Rotators, Integrated Circuits, Digital Signal
Processing, Microprocessors, the Internet, CW Decoding Software,
Automatic Link Establishment or ALE, Packet Radio, DX Clusters,
Pactor and PSK.
Of course some of those make current amateurs just shake their head,
or laugh out loud. Who could imagine that AM or SSB would cause the
end of the hobby, given that they replaced spark-gap transmitters,
which incidentally became prohibited in 1934.
As we invent new things - the ARRL referred to FT8 as the Latest
Bright Shiny Object in Amateur Radio Digital World - we learn more,
have more, do more and expect more. In 1675 Isaac Newton said: If I
have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.
Every invention builds on the ones that came before it and apart
from the banning of the spark-gap transmitter, each of these
newfangled baubles has made it into the mainstream of our community,
to the point of being ubiquitous. Can you imagine an amateur radio
without AM or SSB today?
Using Clublog aggregate data as the source, with almost 30 years of
records, in 2002, CW became more popular than Phone for logging
contacts. This is on the back of Phone contacts reducing overall as
a percentage of logs, against the increase of RTTY, PSK and other
In 2017 FT8 joined the fray and both Phone and CW logged contacts
reduced markedly. Interestingly RTTY continues to be used though not
at the levels seen at its prime between 2005 and 2010 or so.
As an overall percentage of contacts, FT8 is by far the most
popular. 2018 showed that over 40% of logged contacts were on FT8,
CW remains essentially stable at 30% and Phone contacts account for
20% of overall contacts logged on Clublog.
What this shows is that amateurs go where the contacts are. When CW
worked better than Phone, it became the prominent mode. While CW use
stayed the same, and Phone reduced, it was because contacts were
being made with PSK and RTTY and other modes.
This doesn't reflect the death of a hobby, far from it. It reflects
the pragmatic nature of making contacts. You use a mode that's going
When amplifiers and big antennas were the name of the game, those
were the tools being used by our community, but these days, FT8 has
levelled the playing field for all comers. In a world where noise is
ubiquitous and large antenna farms are possible for a select few,
FT8 is making it possible for people to get on air and make some
No doubt some will decry that these are not real contacts and that
exchanging a signal report isn't a real contact. Of course it is.
It's just a different contact. Just like a CW contact isn't the same
as an SSB contact and glorious AM isn't the same as FM, a contact
with FT8 is like any other, it's real, between two stations using
I should point out that the logging information I looked at comes
from Clublog and that in 1990 there were 2.4 Million QSO's logged.
In 2018 there were 40.4 million. In the same time CQ WW increased
the number of entries by almost 200%. Interestingly, CW logs
outpaced SSB logs in 2003, 2006, 2008 and 2016.
On the 31st of May 1897 Mark Twain said: The report of my death was
an exaggeration. I think we can safely say that Amateur Radio isn't
going anywhere and FT8 isn't killing the hobby.
I'm Onno VK6FLAB
Amateur radio tax abolished in France
French national society REF has confirmed that
the annual amateur radio tax (license fee) has been abolished
A Google translation of a post on the REF site reads:
ANFR press release of 04/01/2019:
The annual fee for the amateur radio license 2019 was issued in
Pursuant to the Finance Act No. 2018-1317 of December 28, 2018
published in the Official Journal of December 30, 2018, we will
proceed to its cancellation.
In the case where you have already paid, a refund will be sent to
you by the Special Credits Department of the Treasury on
presentation of an RIB, a copy of the front of the identity document
and invoice number starting with CSPE.
REF in Google English
THURSDAY EDITION: My better half got out of ICU
and has a private room at the hospital, she is still not ready to
come home yet and further testing in progress.....so big weekend for
the Patriots who are the under dogs, perfect!.....
C-9700 VHF/UHF/1200 MHz Base
Station Amateur SDR Transceiver, UK launch update!
Icom UK have been fortunate to have had an engineering sample of
IC-9700 VHF/UHF Base Station Amateur SDR Transceiver from
Icom Inc. to evaluate for a short time. So far, the company have
been amazed by the fantastic sensitivity and performance of the
The IC-9700 is the first VHF/UHF/1200 MHz transceiver which
introduces the RF direct sampling system for the 144 and 430 MHz
bands, a real-time spectrum scope and waterfall function. The RF
direct sampling system has already provided high performance in
Icom's IC-7610 and IC-7300 HF transceivers. In addition, the
spectrum scope and waterfall function have been indispensable tools
for operators to increase QSO opportunities, without missing weak
The radio has many other impressive features including a built-in
1200 MHz band, 4.3 inch TFT colour touchscreen display, full duplex
with Dualwatch on separate bands, Satellite mode, D-STAR DV (Digital
Voice) /DD (Digital Data) modes and Terminal/Access point modes.
Also, a newly designed power amplifier and cooling system provide
stable and high-efficiency operation, even when continuously
transmitting for a long time.
The IC-9700 is also the perfect companion to the IC-7300 HF
radio. Measuring the same size, both radios provide almost identical
operation. Using the IC-9700 and IC-7300 creates the ultimate,
compact radio station covering the VHF, UHF, HF and 1200 MHz bands.
The IC-9700 is the only VHF/UHF all mode transceiver that enables a
variety of VHF/UHF operation including DX, contests, satellite/EME
Summary of the IC-9700 Main Features
• RF direct sampling system (144 and 430 MHz bands)
• Triband (144, 430 and built in 1200 MHz bands) and all modes,
including AM and DV/DD
• High-speed real-time spectrum scope and waterfall function
• Large 4.3-inch TFT colour touch screen display
• Full duplex with Dualwatch on separate bands
• Satellite operation friendly functions
• D-STAR DV (Digital Voice) and DD (Digital Data) modes
• Receives and demodulates two signals simultaneously in the D-STAR
• Built-in gateway function application for Terminal/Access point
• Newly designed power amplifier providing stable and
The IC-9700 will have its official launch at the National Radio
Centre at Bletchley Park to UK Amateur radio dealers and members of
the press….details of which you will be on Icom UK’s social media
Icom UK have also taken a short video giving a basic overview of
the IC-9700. You can find this video by visiting their
Icom UK are hopeful to have the IC-9700 available for sale from
Authorised Amateur Radio Dealers in March 2019 (subject to change)
with a suggested retail price of £1799.99 inc.VAT.
There have been high expectations about this model from different
parts of the Amateur radio community and based upon the performance
of this engineering sample Icom UK expect a high level of demand for
Stay tuned to the
Icom UK website and their social media channel for further
updates about this radio.
To download high resolution images of this model, visit the
Icom UK Image Bank
WEDNESDAY EDITION: I am watching the snow
predictions, should be interesting for the weekend. My better half
is in ICU in hospital and hopefully on the mend, she got an
ambulance ride to Beverly Hospital at 1am from the local hospital ER
room. Hell of a way to celebrate her birthday. for those that know
her, she is stable.....
Japanese Ham Receives License to Operate
Akio Taguchi, JE2QIZ/AC7XZ, reports that he has received a
license from the Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) Ministry of
Transportation and Communication. His call sign there will be
XZ2B. Taguchi explained that Myanmar only permits Amateur Radio
operation from 20 MHz to 300 MHz at a power of just 25 W, and he
plans to operate a "fishing rod antenna" from his hotel.
Because license fees in Myanmar are assessed in terms of
spectrum used, Taguchi said his license authorizes operation
within 20 kHz of the band edge. He will operate CW only. As of
January 12, he reported having contacted fewer than 30 stations,
including New Zealand, Australia, China, the Philippines, and
Russia. His license is valid for 150 days.
information is on the XZ2B QRZ.com profile.
Court Rules Excessive Antenna
Application Fees Violated Reasonable Accommodation
Long-pending Amateur Radio antenna litigation that ARRL
helped to fund has finally borne fruit. The Supreme Court of
the State of New York, Appellate Division: Second Judicial
Department has ruled in the case of Myles Landstein, N2EHG,
that the Town of LaGrange, New York, not only overstepped
its state-granted authority by assessing excessive fees, but
violated the limited federal preemption
in the process. PRB-1 requires municipalities and states to
“reasonably” accommodate Amateur Radio antennas and to apply
the “minimum practicable regulation” in handling Amateur
Radio antenna applications. The ruling is slated to be
published as a case decision. Landstein had wanted to erect
a 70-foot antenna support structure; the Town of LaGrange
has a 35-foot height limit.
“This case, which goes back to
2013, was about applying PRB-1 to a situation in which a
municipality attempted to thwart the installation and
maintenance of ham radio antennas by imposing excessive
permit application costs on the ham applicant,” said
communications attorney Chris Imlay, W3KD, who is familar
with the case. Imlay said the FCC has refused to clarify the
cost-prohibition issue as it relates to PRB-1’s “minimum
practicable regulation” and reasonable accommodation
provisions of PRB-1.
“The Town incurred more than $17,000 in legal consulting
fees in connection with [Landstein’s] applications, and
informed the petitioner that he was required to reimburse
the Town for these fees before any determination would be
made with respect to the applications,” the court decision
recounted. “The Town subsequently, as ‘an accommodation to
the petitioner,’ reduced the amount…to…$5,874, but also
required the petitioner to maintain a minimum advance
continuing escrow balance of at least $1,000 to cover the
Town’s future consulting costs…”
“We hold that, because the Town did not limit the
consulting fees charged to the petitioner to those necessary
to the decision-making function of the town’s Planning Board
and Zoning Board of Appeals, the town exceeded its
state-granted authority by requiring payment of the
consulting fees and, moreover, violated a rule promulgated
by the [FCC],” the court concluded.
Given the significant delay, Imlay said both he and
Landstein had lost hope that the case would ever be resolved
in Landstein’s favor — and in the favor of radio amateurs in
New York, generally — much less be a case that would “create
favorable precedent for Amateur Radio.”
“ARRL originally was drawn to this case, because New York
is the only state that, due to a very old case decision, has
held that Amateur Radio antennas are not necessarily a
“normal accessory use” to residential real property,” Imlay
explained. “Because the issue in the case dealt with both
that issue and the issue of cost prohibitions in the
permitting process relative to the cost of the antenna
installation, we decided to fund the case.” Landstein lost
at trial, and an appeal was filed in about 2015, for which
ARRL provided memoranda of law about the cost-prohibition
issue. “The antenna at issue and the support structure was
to cost no more than $1,000,” Imlay said.
The court concluded that the town “may not use its
land-use regulatory authority to construct ‘hoop after hoop’
for the petitioner to jump through in order to erect his
radio antenna tower [and] cannot impose unreasonable
expenses so as to create an insurmountable financial barrier
to the pursuit of the project. In this context, not only
must the consultant fees be reasonable…, but the underlying
services must be necessarily related to those municipal
regulatory functions which are not preempted by federal
New 2019 Repeater Directory is Now
2019 ARRL Repeater Directory®
now shipping. It includes “crowdsourced” listings
contributed by users, repeater owners, and volunteer
frequency coordinators. This means more listings that
are and updated more often. With 28,000 listings, the
ARRL Repeater Directory®
is the most complete
printed directory of on-the-air repeaters, covering
repeater systems throughout the US and Canada.
Repeater systems are listed by state/province, city, and
operating mode. Digital repeater systems are included:
System Fusion, D-Star, DMR, NXDN, and P25 systems. It is
available in one size — 6 × 9 inches — with a convenient
lay-flat spiral binding.
Make it yours: The cover includes space to
personalize your directory.
Pages of supplemental information include VHF/UHF and
microwave band plans, and repeater operating practices.
For decades, The ARRL Repeater Directory has been
an invaluable source for locating repeater frequencies
while traveling. New hams often use the Repeater
Directory to find local activity after purchasing a
new handheld radio. And, public service volunteers keep
a copy nearby or in their emergency “go kit.”
TUESDAY EDITION: It seems like it's January
forever around here. Snow in the forecast this weekend, it would be
our first snowfall on the coast, it still sucks. If you in New
England, the first hamfest of the year is in Whitman, MA followed up
in February by a nice one in Marlboro, MA....
US Islands Awards Program Announces 25th
Anniversary Award, Recent Rule Changes
The US Islands (USI
Awards Program celebrates its 25th anniversary this year and is
offering a commemorative award for both chasers and activators
for contacts made between January 1 and December 31.
qualify, chasers must confirm 25 islands during 2019, as a club
or individual, and activators must qualify or activate 25
islands in any combination, making at least 15 contacts for both
new island qualification and island activation. This award can
be issued to multiple club members using a single call sign, or
to an individual. Send a list of confirmed or activated islands
to Award Chairman Jay Chamberlain, NS4J. The list should include
name, call sign, address, email, USI number, island name, date
worked or activated, and call sign used or worked.
The following permanent rule changes went into effect on
January 1: The minimum contact count for island qualifications
has been lowered from 25 to 15; the contact requirement of two
DXCCs during an island qualification has been dropped, and the
bands eligible for island qualifications have been expanded to
include 6 meters and satellite contacts.
How different groups use communications
Differences in how certain groups use communications services are
explained in Ofcom’s latest
Access and Inclusion research report, published
The report looks at how affordability, take-up and engagement
with telecoms, TV and postal services compares across different
It focuses on people whose use of different services and devices
could be affected by factors such as their age, disability or
Our findings include:
- The way older consumers use telephones is changing. Just
under one in five over 75s now use a smartphone, and the
proportion of people in this group who only use a mobile phone
at home (without a landline) has increased.
- People who are most financially vulnerable are less likely
to have all of the main communications services – landline,
mobile, broadband and pay TV. Those that do have a fixed
broadband connection are less likely to report having a
superfast connection (28%) than average (40%).
- Disabled people are generally less likely than non-disabled
people to use most services and devices. For example, 53% of
disabled people have a smartphone in their household, compared
with 81% of non-disabled people. While 67% of disabled people
use the internet, compared to 92% of non-disabled people.
- Some vulnerable people have had difficulty paying for
communications services in the last year. People with long-term
mental illnesses (33%) and 16-24 year-olds (17%) are the most
likely to struggle to pay for these services. Conversely, older
people are the least likely to have struggled, with just 2% of
over 75s highlighting affordability problems.
- For most markets, at least one in five people have made a
change to their service or switched provider in the last year.
This rises to one in four for people who have landline, TV and
broadband bought together.
Ofcom has taken a range of actions to help protect vulnerable
consumers recently, including securing a £7 per month line rental
cut for BT’s landline-only customers; capping call charges for
directory enquiry services; and introducing rules requiring
companies to identify and protect vulnerable customers.
We also recently launched the
Boost Your Broadband campaign to offer
consumers advice on how to get the best broadband deal for their
needs. We have also launched a review of broadband pricing, which is
examining why some customers pay more than others for their
SPACE JUNK:UWE-4 CubeSat
frequency change request approved
After two weeks in orbit, UWE-4 is in very good
shape. The batteries are fully charged, the temperatures of the
batteries, the outside panels and the MCU are all lying in the
It has been observed that the battery temperatures are slightly
rising around 8:45 am, when the downlink of this measurement took
After the early orbit phase, we are looking forward to some
interesting experiments with the attitude determination sensors and
the propulsion system.
Unfortunately, our uplink success rate is very poor, which
currently prevents these experiments. In the precursor mission
UWE-3, it was found that the reason for this is very likely a
substantial noise floor at the used frequency range. For this
reason, we filed a request for the change of our radio frequency to
435.600 MHz with IARU, which has already been approved.
January 10, we will started the procedure to change the frequency
of UWE-4. So if you want to track UWE-4, please adjust your center
frequency accordingly. We already started the procedure to change
the frequency on UWE-4, so during the next days it may happen that
you can also still receive a signal on our old frequency.
Additionally, we have been assigned NORAD ID 43880 in the meantime.
A tool in order to upload the received UWE-4 telemetry directly
into our groundstation database is a work in progress and will be
shared with you as soon as we have tested it thoroughly. Until then,
we would be very grateful, if you'd forward your UWE-4 telemetry
files to firstname.lastname@example.org.
What a great game the coaching staff of the NE Patriots created and
congrats to the players that executed it. Brady didn't look ready
for retirement yet...Gronk, yes, moments of greatness but he is
ready for the pasture. I am sure he wont be bored in retirement, he
still hasn't spent any of his paychecks, he as been living off just
his endorsements. He is not as big and dumb as a lot think he is....Listen
to the new episode of ARRL Audio News on your iOS or Android podcast
app, or online at http://www.blubrry.com/arrlaudionews/.
Postage going up for U.S. and
Canada ...term limits folks....stop tax and spend..
The U.S. Postal Service announced new prices for 2019 and they
come into effect Jan. 27, 2019.
The proposed Mailing Services price changes include:
Product Current Proposed
-------- -------- ----------
Letters (1 oz.) 50 cents 55 cents
Letters additional ounces 21 cents 15 cents
Letters (metered 1 oz.) 47 cents 50 cents
Outbound International Letters (1 oz.) $1.15 $1.15
Domestic Postcards 35 cents 35 cents
For more info, see:
The Canadian Postal will also go up on January 14th. The postage
rate for domestic Lettermail items weighing 30 grams or less when
purchased in a booklet, coil or pane would increase to $0.90 from
the current rate of $0.85.
The price of a single domestic stamp would increase to $1.05
(Canadian) from the current rate of $1.00.
Letters to the U.S. will go up $0.07 or more and to other countries
Radio eBooks for download
There are a number of vintage radio and amateur radio related
eBooks available for free download on the Gutenberg site
Among them is the 1922 edition of The Radio Amateur's
Handbook by A. Frederick Collins.
Jarno de Haan @PA3DMI tweeted this link that will display the books
North American Collegiate Championship
Expanded to NAQP RTTY
The Society of Midwest Contesters (SMC
has announced an expansion of the North American Collegiate
which takes place in conjunction with the North American QSO
The inaugural event last January only covered the NAQP SSB
event. This year, the NACC will also cover the NAQP RTTY event.
) sponsors the NAQPs. The NAQP SSB runs from
1800 UTC on January 19 to 0600 UTC on January 20, 2019
The NAQP RTTY runs 1800 UTC on February 23 to 0600 UTC
on February 24
. The NACC format is generally the same
as those for the NAQP, but there are some differences.
is an opportunity for your college club station to compete with
any college and university in North America,” the SMC said in
announcing the 2019 running of the NACC. “You can take on your
state or conference rivals. With planning and practice, it is
possible to win a national championship.” NACC stations can
follow the action on a real-time online scoreboard. Participants
register college/university and call sign.
Once registered stations will receive instructions on how to set
up, which includes inserting and activating a link in the
participating stations contest logging software.
Collegiate stations will use their college club call signs,
and the station must be located on the school’s physical campus.
The NAQPs impose a 100 W power limit. All operators must be
enrolled students and club members. The exchange for the NAQPs
is name and state/province/North American country, and
participants may use any name associated with the school, which
must remain the same for the entire event.
The College Contest Class will be multioperator, single radio
(M1). Stations may use assistance similar to the M2 class and
will submit logs in the M2 class via the NAQP
submission page. NCJ will publish college
stations in their own class. Awards will be based on the
adjudicated logs and not the online finish. Participants may
operate the entire 12 hours of the contest.
Awards will be given out for National Champion, Runner-up,
and State Champions. Awards will be sponsored by SMC, NCJ,
Episode 209 of the amateur radio podcast SolderSmoke
is now available
In this edition:
An HT-37 "With Presence!" Even on CW! A Straight Key Night
Saving a much-loved HT-37
Drake 2-B Alignment
Tweaking the Mate for the Mighty Midget
Fixing a Deaf DC Receiver
A Wobbly National HRO-ish Gear Box
Minimum Discernible Signal Tests
Pete's Festive Holiday Transceiver in a Bottle
Movie Review: "First Man" Neil Armstrong goes to the moon.
Safety Tips for 2019: Fuses, Hard Drives, Flu Shots.
Dave G6AJW builds Pete's Sudden Transceiver
Rogier KJ6ETL builds a new shack
Steve N8NM Helps save the HT-37
Jim AL7RV W8NSA builds Parasets
Dave AA7EE puts a beacon on the air -- Please Listen!
Jan OM2ATC builds and documents an Si5351 VFO
Bruce KC1FSZ Homebrew's a BITX
KB1GMX's Tip on IRF-510 Oscillation Prevention
Ryan W7RLF Homebrews a DC Receiver
Listening to August K5HCT from the East and West Coasts on 40
Tim WA1HLR rebuilding his 1968 transmitter.
New England Hams
you might run across 75
Jon....Editor of As The World
HRO CHRISTMAS LUNCHEON
Big Mike....Nearfest Cook, big
motor home, electronics software
Neil...Living large traveling
the country with his
Igor....peddles quality Russian
keys, software engineer
cars and radio gear, nice fella...
going, Harley riding kind of
K1JEK-Joe...Easy going, can
be found at most ham flea market
...Cobra Antenna builder..
Kriss- Tower climbing pilot who
cooks on the side at
of the Hosstrader's original
organizers, 75 meter regular,
Roger....75 meter regular, easy
going guy, loves to split
cordwood and hunt...
Warren- "Windy" - Bullnet
Barry- the picture says it all,
he loves food!
Bob....the Mud Duck from the
Cape Cod Canal, making a lot of
Matthew...75 meter regular...our
token liberal Democrat out of VT
meter Regular......residing on
the Cape of Cod, flying planes
and playing radio
Meter Regular....teaches the
future of mankind, it's scary!
of Davis-RF....my best friend
from high school
going ham found at all the ham
Linux....fine amateur radio op
....wealth of experience...
talented ham, loves his
politics, has designed gear for
W1KQ- Jim- Retired
Controller...told quite a few
pilots where to go!
The 3936 master plumber and
Computer Tech of 3936...multi
talented kidney stone passing
K1BGH- Arthur, Cape Cod,
construction company/ice cream
shop, hard working man....
Ed, Cape Cod, lots of experience
in all areas, once was a Jacques
Cousteus body guard....
Warren....3910 regular with
Bob, easy going, kind of
like Mr. Rogers until politics
are brought up then watch out...
Bill- Used to work for a bottled
gas company-we think he has been
around nitrous oxide to long .
Graham...one of the good 14313
guys back in the day.
Mort...Air Force man
Low key gent can be found on
many of the 75 meter
Mike, Antrim, NH, auto parts
going, computer parts selling,
New England Ham..
Jack....3936 Wheeling and
Dealing......keeping the boys on
regular, wealth of electronic
Mack....DXCC Master, worked them
all!.. 3864 regular for many
Hu....SK at 92... 3864
regular for many years...
Dave....Loves to fly
Big Bob- Tallest ham, at 6'10",
of the 3864 group
Pilot, HRO Salesman, has owned
every radio ever built!
Dan....far from easy going cw
and ssb op on 14275/313
Loved ham radio....