WEEKDAY EDITION: Packing and getting ready to come back,
tanned and relaxed...
FCC Proposes Levying Huge
Fine on New York Police Radio Jammer
The FCC has proposed imposing a fine of more than $400,000
on a Queens, New York, man who has admitted making
unauthorized transmissions on New York City Police
Department (NYPD) radio frequencies, maliciously interfering
with NYPD officers' communications. Jay Peralta, 20, is
alleged to have transmitted false bomb threats, false claims
of criminal activities involving firearms, false distress
calls from purported NYPD officers, and threats against
individual NYPD officers. The unauthorized transmissions
began a year ago, according to the FCC.
"Through his actions, as he described them to the NYPD, Mr.
Peralta has demonstrated not only a deliberate disregard of
the Commission's authority and rules, but of the safety of
NYPD officers and the public that they are called to serve
and protect," the FCC said in a Notice of Apparent Liability
(NAL), issued on April 14. "Commission action in this
context is therefore essential to safeguard authorized
operations on spectrum licensed for public safety uses, and,
accordingly, a substantial penalty appears warranted."
The FCC said the NAL addresses nine unauthorized and
interfering transmissions that Peralta has admitted to the
NYPD that he made on its radio system. According to the FCC,
Peralta's unauthorized transmissions included false bomb
threats, false claims of criminal activities involving
firearms, false distress calls from purported NYPD officers,
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai said that with the NAL, the FCC is
making it "abundantly clear that it will not tolerate
unauthorized and illegal use of the radio spectrum." The
entire Commission now must sign off on such proposed fines,
and Pai said he was grateful to his fellow FCC members for
"agreeing to act swiftly and strongly" in the matter. "This
may not be a typical pirate radio case in which an
unauthorized operator inflicts damage on a radio broadcaster
that is operating with a valid FCC license," Pai said, "but
it does involve unauthorized interference to critical public
safety communications systems."
Peralta was arrested last fall, along with two other men
suspected of committing several robberies. According to news
accounts, police found a cache of scanners and radios in one
of the suspects' homes.
Jagadis Chandra Bose, the unsung Hero of Radio
Jagadis Chandra Bose was born in India in 1858. He received
his education first in India, until in 1880 he went to
England to study medicine at the University of London.
Within a year he moved to Cambridge to take up a scholarship
to study Natural Science at Christ's College Cambridge. One
of his lecturers at Cambridge was Professor Rayleigh, who
clearly had a profound influence on his later work.
In 1884 Bose was awarded a B.A. from Cambridge, but also a
B.Sc. from London University. Bose then returned to India,
taking up a post initially as officiating professor of
physics at the Presidency College in Calcutta. Following the
example of Lord Rayleigh, Jagadis Bose made extensive use of
scientific demonstrations in class; he is reported as being
extraordinarily popular and effective as a teacher. Many of
his students at the Presidency College were destined to
become famous in their own right - for example S.N. Bose,
later to become well known for the Bose-Einstein statistics.
A book by Sir Oliver Lodge, "Heinrich Hertz and His
Successors," impressed Bose. In 1894, J.C. Bose converted a
small enclosure adjoining a bathroom in the Presidency
College into a laboratory. He carried out experiments
involving refraction, diffraction and polarization. To
receive the radiation, he used a variety of different
junctions connected to a highly sensitive galvanometer. He
plotted in detail the voltage-current characteristics of his
junctions, noting their non-linear characteristics. He
developed the use of galena crystals for making receivers,
both for short wavelength radio waves and for white and
Patent rights for their use in detecting electromagnetic
radiation were granted to him in 1904. In 1954 Pearson and
Brattain  gave priority to Bose for the use of a
semi-conducting crystal as a detector of radio waves. Sir
Neville Mott, Nobel Laureate in 1977 for his own
contributions to solid-state electronics, remarked  that
"J.C. Bose was at least 60 years ahead of his time" and "In
fact, he had anticipated the existence of P-type and N-type
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K1TP- Jon....Editor of As The
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